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Soul is renamed as id, which is Latin for the original German es, which means "it" in English. "It", of course, is something of a term of contempt in both German and English, and reflects the basic Freudian bias against the soul, whose opposition to spirit to some extent mirrors the opposition between individual and society. (The French translators, probably for the same aesthetic reasons which caused the English translators to resort to Latin, used the phrase les désirs pulsionels, which means roughly "desire impulses" in English, rather than the literal and stupid-sounding le le.) The Freudians split the spirit into two parts, the so-called ego and superego (Latin for the original German ich and überich, which equate to "me" and "over-me" in English, the French translators used the literal moi and sur-moi), and they posit a conflict between these two elements. This is something of a smokescreen to obscure the true conflict, which is between the individual and society. To be sure, this conflict is implied by ego versus superego, if we view ego as representing the individual and superego as representing the moral code of society. However, the Freudians deliberately confuse this, because their bias, as good tools of society, is towards the individual submitting to the will of society rather than the individual rebelling against society.
Freudianism arose at a time of peace and prosperity, when society sensed that the people were ripe for a daughter religion, which would threaten society with a full-blown outbreak of individualism. There had already been intimations of this, with Theosophy for example. The Catholic church had tried to stem the tide of defection by would-be individualists, by affirming the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception, but it was a case of too little, too late. Thus when Freudianism came onto the scene, society latched onto it naturally as a means of preventing a true daughter religion from emerging. Freudianism was the right religion at the right time, in other words, just as Pauline/Patriarchal Christianity was the right religion sixteen hundred years earlier, when it was made the official religion of the Roman Empire. In the form of its successors, including pop psychology and most variants of professional clinical psychology, Freudianism continues to be the dominant religion among the elite of the industrialized countries of the world, and in many cases is an official state religion as well. The Constitution of the United States, for example, prohibits the establishment of a state religion, and yet clinical psychologists are permitted to testify as expert witness in courtrooms regarding the spirit world, but not priests or astrologers or witch doctors, even though the only essential difference between clinical psychology and traditional religions is the terminology (psychotic = demon-possessed, depressed = soul-sick, etc).